Robotics is the intersection of science, engineering and technology that produces machines, called robots, that substitute for (or replicate) human actions. Pop culture has always been fascinated with robots. R2-D2. Optimus Prime. WALL-E. These over-exaggerated, humanoid concepts of robots usually seem like a caricature of the real thing...or are they more forward thinking than we realize? Robots are gaining intellectual and mechanical capabilities that don’t put the possibility of a R2-D2-like machine out of reach in the future.
While the overall world of robotics is expanding, a robot has some consistent characteristics:
The robotics industry is still relatively young, but has already made amazing strides. From the deepest depths of our oceans to the highest heights of outer space, robots can be found performing tasks that humans couldn’t dream of achieving.
To protect the environment and improve air quality, emission regulations are adopted as part of the EU framework for the type approval of cars, vans trucks, buses and coaches. At present, the Euro emissions standards followed by the automotive industry are: for light duty vehicles (cars and vans) Euro 6, while the current standard for heavy duty vehicles is Euro VI.
China “Automobile RoHS”: “Management Requirements for Vehicle Hazardous Substance and Recyclable Utilization Ratios” (“Requirements”), referred to as Chia’s “Automobile RoHS” program, is intended to specify that hazardous substance content and recyclability requirements for certain passenger cars carrying no more than 9 persons (M1 category) meet the specifications set out in two separate standards governing these issues.
New measures concerning restricted-material content and recyclability requirements for certain passenger cars came into effect January 1, 2016.
As per the Article 30 (Permissible Standards of Noises Produced by Manufactured Cars) of the Noise and Vibration Control Act, the noises emitted from manufactured motor vehicles (hereinafter referred to as “manufactured cars”) need to conform to the permissible manufactured car noise standards as determined by the Presidential Decree.
The exhaust gases from automobiles are regulated under Article 46 (kinds of exhaust gases) of Clean Air Conversation Act.
The United States entails vehicle or other vehicle parts to conform to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations for emission (EPA) and safety (DOT) requirements.